Dry goods | What is commodity inspection? How to do the specific process?
The full name of commodity inspection is commodity inspection, which means that the commodity inspection agency issues a document to certify the quality and quantity of the goods after inspection. Buyers can know whether the quality of the goods is consistent with their needs by relying on the commodity inspection form issued.
Commodity inspection is the product of the continuous development of international trade, and it is also an important link in international trade. Commodity inspection plays an active role in the production and sales of export commodities and the procurement of imported commodities according to established conditions.
01. What is the difference between commodity inspection and inspection declaration?
commodity inspectionIt means that the import and export operators of the goods, according to the requirements of the customs and the Commodity Inspection Bureau, let the Commodity Inspection Bureau inspect and quarantine the imported or exported goods before the goods are imported or exported.
inspectionIt refers to the process in which the import and export operators of the goods submit the materials and samples required for commodity inspection and quarantine to the Commodity Inspection Bureau.
02. What are the commodity inspection agencies?
Domestic customs are the most authoritative and largest inspection agencies in China. Generally, the export of Chinese products is inspected here. The most public commodity inspection agency in the world is SGS in Switzerland, which also has offices in major cities in China.
03. How to classify commodity inspection goods?
Commodity inspection goods are mainly divided into three categories:
1. If the customer needs commodity inspection: In order to ensure that the goods he receives are consistent with the contract, the customer will request commodity inspection and issue a commodity inspection form.
2. China needs legal inspection of goods: some countries require export goods to be subject to commodity inspection before export.
3. Goods that require legal inspection in the importing country: The importing country may require inspection of certain goods exported from China. Inspection may be possible in China, or it may have to be done at the point of import.
In the first and third cases, it is necessary to have a good understanding with the customer in advance. If it is the second case, you need to go to the local commodity inspection bureau to file with a copy of the business license. After filing, you can directly apply for commodity inspection at the commodity inspection bureau.
04. What are the procedures for commodity inspection?
01. The commodity inspection agency accepts the application for inspection
The inspector shall fill in the "Application for Export Inspection" and provide relevant documents and materials, such as foreign trade contracts, letters of credit, originals of factory inspection results, etc.; the commodity inspection agency will accept the batch of commodities after reviewing the above documents to meet the requirements The applicant may be required to supplement or revise the relevant clauses if found to be unsatisfactory.
It is presided over by the staff sent by the commodity inspection agency, and samples are taken randomly by random sampling according to different types of goods. The applicant for inspection should provide the location of the inventory and cooperate with the commodity inspection personnel to do a good job in sampling.
Inspection departments can use various technical means from sensory to chemical analysis, instrument analysis, etc. to inspect export commodities. The inspection forms include commodity inspection self-inspection, joint inspection, on-site inspection and origin inspection.
04. Issuing a certificate
Commodity inspection agencies issue inspection certificates to commodities that pass the inspection. After obtaining the inspection certificate or release notice, submit it for export within the specified validity period.
05. What materials should be prepared for commodity inspection?
1. Inspection form
Note that the content of the inspection form must be consistent; indicate the accompanying documents, if you declare at the local port for export, you can choose to apply for a customs clearance form, if you declare for export at a different port, you can choose to apply for a certificate replacement voucher, that is, the freight forwarder will do it at a different port Replace the official customs clearance form.
2. Factory inspection report
The export packaging certificate provided by the outer packaging factory of this batch of goods (issued by the Commodity Inspection Bureau, a copy is sufficient).
3. "Outbound Goods Transport Packaging Performance Inspection Result Sheet"
If the export packaging is cartons, the carton factory needs to apply to the Commodity Inspection Bureau for the "Outbound Goods Transport Packaging Performance Inspection Result Sheet", which will be completed in about 2-3 working days. After completion, the original must be submitted to the Commodity Inspection Bureau. According to this batch The number of cartons used for the goods in question shall be written off accordingly.
4. Export cooperationsame
photocopy or fax.
5. Export Proforma Invoice
photocopy or fax.
6. Export PACKING LIST
photocopy or fax.
Commodity inspection is the quality certificate of import and export commodities, and the weight or quantity certificate is the proof of payment for goods. In import and export trade, commodity inspection is an effective document for the fulfillment of terms, handover and settlement, arbitration and litigation proof, which is conducive to ensuring the smooth progress of related trade and the safety of commodity transactions.