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Which cargo requires an appraisal report for air transport?

Which cargo requires an appraisal report for air transport?

sofreight.com sofreight.com 2023-11-23 11:11:49

Since air cargo transportation has very high safety requirements, especially when cargo is transported using the belly hold of a passenger aircraft, some air cargo requires an appraisal report. So what is an air cargo appraisal report? Which goods must provide air freight identification? In one sentence, it means that if it is impossible to know whether the goods have hidden dangers or the goods cannot be correctly classified and identified, an air freight appraisal report is required!


What is air freight identification


The full name of air transport appraisal is "Air Transport Conditions Identification Report". In English, it is called Identification and Classification Report for Air Transport of Goods, commonly known as air transport appraisal or appraisal.


Which goods require air freight identification?


1. Magnetic goods


According to the requirements of the IATA902 International Air Transport Agreement, any magnetic field intensity at a distance of 2.1m from the surface of the object to be measured should be less than 0.159A/m (200nT) before it can be transported as general cargo (general cargo identification). Any cargo containing magnetic materials will generate a magnetic field in space, and magnetic cargo safety inspections are required to ensure flight safety.


The items listed below are the names of some items we often encounter that require magnetic safety inspection. Due to the differences in product manufacturing materials and processes, it is impossible to list all cargo names. Whether it meets the requirements of the air transport agreement shall be subject to experimental measurement results.




Magnetic Steel Magnet Magnetic Rod Magnetic Block


Alnico magnets, samarium cobalt magnets, NdFeB magnets, ferrite magnets


Magnet Core Magnet Permanent Magnet


Rare earth permanent magnet magnetic ring iron core


Audio equipment


Speaker Speaker Accessories Receiver Buzzer


Audio speaker speaker box radio


Multimedia audio audio combination microphone loudspeaker


Business speakers, headphones, microphones, power amplifiers


Walkie-talkie cell phone (without battery)


mobile phone recorder telephone


Motor type


Motor DC motor Micro vibrator


Stepper motor Servo motor Motor TV


Linear motor Flat motor


Motor Fan Refrigerator Solenoid Valve


Engine generator hair dryer


Motor Vehicles Vacuum Cleaners Agitators Pumps


Electric small appliances Electric vehicles Electric fitness equipment


CD player LCD TV rice cooker


Electric kettle wiper motor


Engraving machine stator centrifuge air compressor sewing machine


Massager air conditioner fan rotor


Other magnetic


Alarm accessories Anti-theft accessories Lift accessories


Refrigerator magnet, alarm, compass, multimeter, laser head


Movement bald head Magnetic health care products Magnet processed products


Translator electronic dictionary doorbell electricity meter


Compass watch included


Computer components, sensors, microphones


Plastic Clip Home Theater Flashlight Rangefinder


Anti-theft tags toys flash lights DVD electronic accessories


2. Powder goods


Air freight identification reports must be provided for goods in powder status, such as diamond powder, spirulina powder, and various plant extracts.


3. Goods containing liquids and gases


For example: some instruments may contain rectifiers, thermometers, barometers, pressure gauges, mercury converters, etc.


4. Chemical goods


Air transportation of chemical goods and various chemical products generally requires an air transportation appraisal report. Chemicals can be roughly divided into hazardous chemicals and ordinary chemicals. Commonly seen in air transport are ordinary chemicals, that is, chemicals that can be transported as ordinary cargo. Such chemicals must have a general air cargo appraisal before they can be transported, which means that the appraisal report proves that the goods are ordinary chemicals and not dangerous goods.


5. Oily goods


For example: automobile parts may contain engines, carburetors or fuel tanks containing fuel or residual fuel; camping equipment or equipment may contain flammable liquids such as kerosene and gasoline.


6. Goods with batteries


The classification and identification of batteries is more complicated. Batteries or products containing batteries may be dangerous goods in Category 4.3 and Category 8 and Category 9 for air transport, so the products involved need an identification report as support when transported by air. For example: electrical equipment may contain batteries; electric equipment such as lawn mowers, golf carts, wheelchairs, etc. may contain batteries.


Notice! ! !


New regulations for air transport of lithium batteries


The Civil Aviation Administration of my country has proposed specification requirements for the UN38.3 test outline required for air transportation of lithium batteries starting from January 1, 2020. The 2019-2020 version of ICAO's "Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air" stipulates that manufacturers and subsequent sellers of lithium cells or lithium batteries produced after June 30, 2003 must provide the United Nations "Manual of Tests and Criteria" The test summary specified in paragraph 38.3.5 of Part 3, subsection 38.3 (hereinafter referred to as UN38.3 test summary).This UN38.3 test summary must be provided from January 1, 2020.


In December 2020, IATA issued an update notice on the IATA DGR-62 version of the air transport rules and the rule changes for 2021, revising the relevant air transport rules for various types of dangerous goods, including lithium batteries.


What does the air freight appraisal report include?


The main content of the cargo transportation appraisal certificate generally includes the name of the cargo and its company logo, main physical and chemical properties, hazardous characteristics of the transported objects, laws and regulations based on the appraisal, emergency disposal methods, etc. The purpose is to provide transportation units with information directly related to transportation safety.


Friends, whenever you encounter goods with hidden dangers during transportation, it is recommended that you must accurately issue an appraisal report in accordance with the cargo standards.