ReaSons for the download in shipping
ReaSons for the download in shipping
The current problems in the shipping industry are the result of the combination of the overall difficulties faced by the global shipping industry and its regional problems. What are the reasons for the downturn in the shipping industry? Let's get to know!
FIRST, there is trade property in Western Countries
Britain, the founder of the global shipping industry, demanded that the officers of merchant ships carrying the Union flag be British citizens in order to protect the employment opportunities of its citizens. This reflects that trade protection and the search for cheap labor have emerged in developed countries for a long time, and it is necessary for the UK to protect the employment of British personnel at the level of laws and regulations. It also proves the importance and popularity of the use of cheap labor for industrial competition.
With the continuous strengthening of the secondary industry in the field of cheap labor, the global industrial division of labor is gradually formed: developed countries gradually become brain countries, responsible for product research and development, design and program perfusion; Emerging developing countries are often responsible for the detailed design, production and modular operation of products to earn processing profits, and gradually become trunk countries. Backward developing countries can only engage in some low-end raw material supply and preliminary processing, earning the meagre profits left by the extremely productive and Fiere Competition.
Obviously, before last year, China was a representative of the emerging developing countries. On the world economic stage, China's rapid economic development has greatly promoted the urbanization process, transportation demand and consumer demand in China. In this process, China gradually became a " Giant "in the Global Shipping Industry, and Became The Third Larges Owner of Deadweight Tons in the World.
So, can China continue to develop as it once did? Can we go back to the days of "the factory of the world" and revitalize China's shipping industry by shipping a lot of products abroad? It is obviously more difficult.
Second, China's Economy Plays An Important Role
The Chinese economy is a strong engine driving world economic recovery. Its annual GDP growth rate is basically 6% to 7%, much higher than the world GDP(around 2.4%) and the US GDP(around 2.3%). As the world's largest consumer of iron ore and energy, and the busiest importer and exporter, China's economic development is closely related to the state of the world economy, and more directly related to the global demand for iron ore, crude oil, container and chemical capacity.
After the first industrial revolution, the world industrial economic pattern gradually changed from insufficient productivity to insufficient demand, that is, the world's annual production of products can greatly meet the needs of the public, and the core problems left for entrepreneurs changed from improving productivity to seeking orders, reducing costs and creating new demands. In this process, the United States, once the largest cargo owner country, has fully realized the standard containerized sea-land combined transportation, which greatly improves the dock handling efficiency, transportation cost and convenience, And Gradually Develops The Division of Labor in the Global Industrial Pattern.
Due to the convenience of transportation and the great optimization of cost, a large number of factory owners began to imitate the shipping industry and look for cheap labor around the world to reduce production costs. Because shipping is one of the oldest and first industries to open up to the world, it has the longest history of finding cheap labour.
Third, The Government Guides the Market